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The 19th century  artists specifically addressed the history of medium, while they were following such style, adopting past themes and styles were seen. Development of new forms and liberating art forms were also another significant issues. Neoclassicism was such a widespread movement in painting  and other visual arts between 1800 to 1850 in Europe. In painting, it took the form of emphases on subject matter and it sought elements from antiquity. Therefore artists tried to imitate Antient Greek relatedly its subject and style. The movement began as a reaction against frivolity of Rococo and excessive dramaticism of Baroque which dominated European art for years.

Neoclassicism reached its peak by Jacques Louis David.

Neoclassicism was such a movement that was against Baroque and Rococo style. Unlike Baroque’s diagnal, dynamic, complex, detailed, dramatic paintings that conveys emotion, motion and drama, contrast between light and dark; neoclassical paintings were vertical and horizontal, fixed,  had no unnecessary details, clean-cut, shallowness, had no feeling of movement.  The movement firstly based on subject matter like political and philosophical attitudes. Artists looked antiquity for inspiration and used realistic images but in idealized way.

As a matter of fact the usage of Ancient Greek styles in neoclassical paintings also effected the architectural styles. One of the conservative architectures who was called as Charles Perret used columnar architecture and rhythm of the style even in factories. In early 20th century by the rise of technological and engineering  developments modern architecture became such an issue. Among modern architecture based on simplification and rejection of ornaments. Modern architecture arose from the same ground of neoclassicism.Neoclassical architecture increased by the help of rejecting other popular styles like Rococo and Baroque. Neoclassicism was also supporting simplification of form and elimination of ornaments. It seems modern architecture borrows from neoclassical style in its basic principles.

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